Inuman at Pulutan: A Filipino Love Affair

This article talks about the historical dynamics on the Filipinos' love affair for good food and drink.

Note: This article talks about the historical dynamics on the Filipinos' love affair for good food and drink. Now many will be celebrating "Oktoberbest" in any shape or form, I would like to remind everyone to "drink moderately."
It is not known when Filipinos started to drink or developed alcoholic beverages and a rich drinking culture for that matter. But one thing is certain, drinking alcohol all began when people started to congregate and socialize and then shared food and drink with each other at the same time. Getting drunk usually accompanies every important occasion and celebration, which in turn, provides a rite of passage for young boys.

How Filipinos Learned to Drink

Before the Spaniards colonized the Philippines, the Filipinos were already trading with foreigners like the Arabs and Chinese. During this time, the Filipinos acquired new products in exchange for local goods and one of these products is alcoholic beverage. In fact, the Filipino word "alak" may have been attributed to the Arab word "arraq," which means strong liquor.

The "poor man's drink" has now become "cool" and "hip"
The popular alcoholic concoction called "lambanog" and "tuba" may have originated from Indian "arrack," which was influenced from the Arab liquor. In this case, the development of lambanog and tuba was fostered because of the abundance of coconut in the archipelago. In the case of lambanog, the drink is distilled from the sap of the unopened coconut flower and is particularly potent, having a typical alcohol content of 80 to 90 proof after a single distillation, but may go as high as 166 proof after the second distillation. Though known as the "poor man's drink," because its easy to make, lambanog has now evolved into an export-quality brand as flavorings are added to make this drink a high-end product.

Most people in countryside still enjoy the local taste of tuba
Tuba, a popular local drink in the Visayas, is another case. The process begins with the sap from coconut palm tree flowers. The sap is harvested into bamboo receptacles, where it is put through a cooking or fermentation process to produce tuba, which can then be distilled to produce lambanog.

The abundance of rice crops also led to the development of rice-based alcoholic beverage like the "kulapo" -- a reddish colored wine, "pangasi" -- a rice wine from Mindanao, and "tapuy" -- a clear rice wine spirit popular in the Cordillera region. Aside from rice, the Filipinos also developed other alcoholic drinks from other crops like corn and sugar cane. Both crops were introduced by the Spaniards from their sugar cane plantations in the Caribbean and the corn imports from Mexico.



The ringleaders of the ill-fated "Basi Revolt" were hanged and beheaded in public 
"Basi," a popular drink in the Ilocandia, is created by slowly cooking the juices from crushed sugar canes. The cooked juice is then poured into large clay vats and allowed to ferment. Basi has an interesting role in the region's history too. From September 16-28, 1807, a revolt (the Ambaristo Revolt or Basi Revolt, as it's popularly known) led by Pedro Mateo in Piddig, Ilocos Norte erupted because of their defiance of the Spanish decision to expropriate the manufacture and sale of basi, which effectively banned the private manufacture of the wine. It was a rare moment wherein Filipinos rebelled against their colonial masters not because of political pressure and religious persecution but what you call as "spiritual" disenfranchisement.

An interesting specimen in our rich cultural well is the Ibanag alcoholic beverage called "lay-aw." It is believed to be the strongest alcoholic brew in the Philippines and even rivaled the Mexican "mezcal" in potency and alcohol content. It is somewhat similar to tapuy but corn is used instead of the glutinous rice. "Agkud" on the other hand is a Manobo liquor made from rice, corn, cassava or sorghum.

The three centuries of Spanish rule also mean that the Filipinos have acquired the European drinking culture as well. In the pre-Spanish period, drinking was a serious affair because it solidified marriages of two people and their families. It also cements inter-community agreements and consummate tribal alliances. The introduction of European culture in the islands, however, introduced the ills of drinking culture such as gambling, prostitution and binge drinking.


It is not surprising that by the time German ethnographer Fedor Jagor visited the Philippines during Jose Rizal's time, he made some "bad" impressions upon the people who he said "lazy" and "compulsive gamblers." Can we blame him? Or are these traits inherited from their Spanish masters.

On September 29, 1890, the Philippines became the first country in Southeast Asia to open a brewery. Under a royal grant, Enrique Barretto y de Ycaza opened La Fábrica de Cerveza de San Miguel at 6 Calzada de Malacañang in Manila, near the Palace of the Governor-General of the Philippines. The trade-name San Miguel, originates from the local brewery of San Miguel, Barcelona, Spain. He named the company after the section of Manila in which he lived and worked.



The Old San Miguel Brewery
Barretto was soon joined by Pedro Pablo Roxas, who brought with him a German brewmaster Ludwig Kiene, as technical director. San Miguel's brew won its first major award at 1895's Philippines Regional Exposition. After six years of operation, the fledgling brewery was outselling imported brands five to one.

On the other hand, San Miguel's foremost competitor Tanduay Distillers, Inc., predated them by 40 years. Tanduay Rum has been produced in the Philippines for over a century. It begun as Ynchausti y Cia under the partnership of Joaquin Elizalde, together with his uncle, Juan Bautista Yrissary, and the Manila-based Spanish businessman and financier Joaquin Ynchausti. The partnership did not originally trade or sold liquor because their original line of business was shipping chandlery and abaca-making. The steamships they owned, after acquiring the Manila Steamship Company, traversed the route of Laguna Lake to Manila. Later on, Valentin Teus, a cousin of the Elizaldes, joined the partnership. It was Teus who acquired a distillery in Hagonoy, Bulacan from Elias Menchatorre and merged it with Ynchausti y Cia.



The Elizaldes
Six years later, in 1854, a plant of the distillery was established in the San Miguel district in Manila where the liquors were first bottled in oak casks. The Elizaldes have successfully sustained the growth and continuity of the business over generations and has evolved into the modern Tanduay Distillery. It has received international recognition throughout the years.

The Emergence of the Pulutan Cuisine

The art of eating "pulutan" during drinking session may be attributed to the Spanish culture of tapas. Pulutan is any cooked dish (meat, chicken, pork, seafood) taken with wine, beer, liquor during a drinking session. However, the tapas in the Spanish cultural scheme of things became a non-drinking food -- somewhat similar to an American beef jerky while the emergence of pulutan as a distinct cuisine centered on alcohol became the norm in the Philippines.

Pulutan is an enigma as it is distinct from regular meals and merienda. As a matter of fact, some of the pulutan cuisine have eventually became regular meals themselves (i.e. sisig and barbecue) or pulutan itself became the centerpiece of an occasion (i.e. fiestas and birthdays).

Pulutan is the centerpiece in any Filipino drinking session
The art of cooking pulutan has evolved but also controversial partly because of the use archaic methods of cooking 'exotic' animals. Poor people, particularly in the rural agricultural areas, tend to develop unique dishes mythified for their potency and hidden "aphrodisiac" powers. "Camaro," which are field crickets cooked in soy sauce, salt, and vinegar, became popular in Pampanga; "papaitan," which is goat or beef innards stew flavored with bile that gives it a bitter taste; Soup No. 5, which is a soup made out of testicles that can be found in restaurants in Binondo, Manila; "asocena" or dog meat popular in the Cordilleras; and "pinikpikan" chicken where the chicken has been beaten to death to tenderize the meat and to infuse it with blood. It is then burned in fire to remove its feathers then boiled with salt and pork.


Who can resist the delicious sisig
The Filipinos has also evolved grilling to a whole new level. Some grilled foods include "isaw," chicken or pig intestines marinated and skewered; "tenga," pig ears that are marinated and skewered; pork barbecue, which is a satay marinated in a special blend; "betamax," which is a salted,  solidified pork blood that is skewered; "adidas," which is grilled or sautéed chicken feet. And there is "sisig" a popular pulutan made from the pig's cheek skin, ears and liver that is initially boiled, then grilled over charcoal and afterwards minced and cooked with chopped onions, chillies, and spices on a sizzling hot iron plate.


One of the earliest pictures of Americans and Filipinos drinking beer
I wonder if they're drinking San Miguel beer by the Pasig River
The alcoholic beverage industry grew during the American period and it was during this time that San Miguel became the name synonymous to Philippine beer. By the time the Prohibition kicked in the United States, the watering holes throughout Manila became the place to be for American expatriates. Though Governor General James Smith went as far as  mentioning the idea of enforcing "regional" prohibition in the colony, it didn't happen simply because most expatriates made the Philippines their own vacation getaway.

Interestingly, through the years America has stayed "sober," the Philippines became an instant stopover for foreigners who go in and out of Asia. With the enforcement of the Volstead Act, the Americans have stopped all ships with liquors and other alcoholic beverages bound for the Philippines. Bills of health were denied and quarantine was enforced. It was this decade when San Miguel gained ground by capitalizing the absence of foreign competition. In a September 29, 1924 issue of "The New York Times," the ships can defy ruling by entering Manila without clearances for cargo and then-pay small fines.

American soldiers were hooked to local liquor during the war
The Eighteenth Amendment forbids "the manufacture, sale or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes." Nevertheless, beer houses and speakeasies were on their hey-days in the city of Manila, as a matter of fact, American administrators and other foreign expatriates freely mingled with local socialites. Philippine Daily Inquirer columnist Michael Tan summed it up, "even if Prohibition [is] extended to the Philippines, we probably continued with our many happy traditional brews like tuba, basi, lambanog."

During the Second World War, American soldiers became hooked to lambanog that they even went to call it as "jungle juice."


Present Trends

Fast forward to the present time, alcoholic drinks have come a long way and now competition between the big companies have saturated the market with different products, which resulted in the development of new concoctions that any one can imagine. San Miguel Pale Pilsen remains the most famous and widely known brand in the Philippines. Trends, however, vary according to demographics with regards to the San Miguel's competitors. Gold Eagle Beer is more common in the rural areas while Colt 45 and Red Horse are favored by compulsive hard drinkers. In layman's language, beer is known as "kalawang," which is the Tagalog word for rust since beer seem to take the color of it.

Ginebra San Miguel is most selling gin brand in the country. Its iconic bottle shape is called "kwadro kantos" because of its square shape. Its lighter variant GSM Blue is said to be smoother in taste. Its rivals Kapitan and London Gin failed to keep up its sales with Ginebra. Gin (Ginebra in particular) is eerily dubbed as "Gin-bulag" because it is said that drinking too much would make you blind.

Rum is eponymically attributed to Tanduay because of its distinct taste and iconic bottle. The smaller bottles are clled "lapad" because of their distinctive wide body and the tall round bottles are called "torre" or "long neck." Its competitors include Emperador, Tondenia Premium Rum, and Anejo 65. The top three brandy in the market are Barcelona, Generoso and Gran Matador.

The growing party scene also brought in new line of drinks that cater to the younger consumers like vodka and tequila. Prominent brands include Cossack Vodka and Antonov Vodka. Don Enrique Mixkila is a hybrid tequila and distilled spirits. As for the older drinkers, a duo of Chinese wine such as Vino Kulafu and Siok Tong are popular especially in the rural areas.

Filipinos have also made distinct mixes of various liquors into unique concoctions like:

a. Gin Pomelo -- a cocktail made out of Gin, Pomelo juice powder, and crushed ice. It became the drink of choice for the younger drinkers back in the late 1990’s when Tang introduced its “Litro Pack” line of powdered juices.

b. Expired -- is a simple concoction made up of two 500ml bottles of Red Horse beer mixed with one small bottle of gin. It is then poured into a large pitcher and a big chunk of ice is added into it. Some drinkers put two “Stork” brand menthol candies into the mix. It was called expired since drinkers say it tastes like “expired beer”.

c. Kagatan -- the Tagalog word for biting even though it has nothing to do with this cocktail. It was called “Kagatan” because the ingredients for this drink are KApe (kape, coffee), GAtas (gatas, milk) and TANduay (the Tanduay brand of rum).

d. Boracay -- is drink is apparently invented in Boracay island. It is said to be the Filipino version of Bailey’s Irish Cream. It is made up of rum, beer, chocolate malt powder, evaporated milk, gin, and finely ground peanuts.

e. Calibog -- a drink that made quite a stir from its name alone since “libog” means libido in Tagalog. Rumor has it that this drink acts like an aphrodisiac, hence the name. But the truth is that it got the name from its ingredients: CALI for the Cali brand of non-alcoholic beer, B for Beer, and OG comes from lambanog.

Alcohol drinking is a big part of the Filipino merry-making activities. Beer is an essential part of fiestas, birthdays, and parties. Even when there is no special occasion, many Filipinos hang out together in the streets in front of their houses and convenience stores drinking gin and tonic, which is a considerably cheaper alcoholic drink. Without it, life would be laid back and straightforward. The popular San Miguel Beer slogan "Iba'ng may pinagsamahan" will forever be etched in every Filipino psyche.

Credits:
Wikipedia.org
Local Alcoholic Drinks
Philippine Local Alcoholic Drink Brands
Philippine Local Liquors
Himagsikan Dahil sa Basi
The Former Philippines thru Foreign Eyes
Filipino Food Cuisine/Glossary
Killing Me Softly
Ringside view of 'pinikpikan' process
"The American Colonial State in the Philippines," by Julian Go and Anne Foster
"The Evening Independent," September 24, 1924 issue
Drying the Philippines
Philippine-American War, 1898-1902, by Arnaldo Dumindin
"Pinoy Kasi: Something brewing," by Michael Tan. Philippine Daily Inquirer. August 14, 2009.
Munting Kasiyahan, illustration by Romeo Tanghal Sr.
Top advertising slogans, by Willy Arcilla
"Alcohol and media: The situation in the Philippines," by Joyce Valbuena

COMMENTS

BLOGGER: 2
  1. I admit, I have a tremendous sex drive. My boyfriend lives forty miles away. Hey, i am looking for an online sexual partner ;) Click on my boobs if you are interested (. )( .)

    ReplyDelete

Name

100,1,1924 summer olympics,1,1936,1,1949,1,2012 olympics,1,2014 aff suzuki cup,1,2016 olympic basketball,2,2019 fiba world cup,2,adobo,1,adolf,1,aff suzuki cup teams,1,afghanistan,1,aguilas,1,al-andalus,3,alan nacorda,1,albinism,1,alcohol,1,alcoholic,1,alejo santos,1,alibata,1,altered timeline,17,alternate history,28,althistory,19,american,2,ancestry,1,ancient filipino,1,andres bonifacio,1,andres bonifacio family tree,1,andres bonifacio genealogy,1,andres novales,1,antonio luna,2,articles,1,artista,4,artistas,3,asian,1,asian games,1,asians,1,ask me,6,athletes,1,automobiles,1,azkals,6,aztecas,1,bacolod city arena,1,balangiga,1,barcelona,1,basketball,11,bayanihan,1,baybayin,1,beauty,1,bells,1,benjie paras family tree,1,berlin,1,beverage,1,biases,1,bill hoyt,1,billy ray bates,1,biopic,1,black and white,1,black superman,1,bombs,1,border,1,boyfriend-girlfriend,1,brain drain,2,Brazil,1,british,1,british empire,1,brown,1,burger,1,Butterfly Effect,1,calvin abueva,1,calvin abueva family tree,1,calvin abueva genealogy,1,calvin sweeney,1,campaign ads,1,canonigo family,2,canonigo family history,2,canonigo family tree,3,canonigo genealogy,3,canonigo surname,2,cartago delenda est,1,carthage,1,carthagiensis victoriae,1,cartographic history,1,catfish,1,cebu,11,cebu arenas,1,cebu brt system,1,Cebu cinema,1,cebu city,8,cebu coliseum,1,cebu hauntings,1,cebu heritage,5,cebu history,16,cebu masterplan,1,cebu megadome,2,cebu mrt system,1,cebu railways,1,cebu shopping malls,2,cebu sports facilities,1,cebu stadiums,1,cebu streets,1,Cebu theaters,1,cebu tourism,1,cebuano,2,cebuano spy,1,cebuano television show,1,celebrity gossip,1,characters,1,chika minute,1,china,1,chinese,1,chinese ancestors,1,chiong veloso family,1,chismis,1,christianity,2,christmas,1,christmas in the philippines,2,chronicles,3,Civil War,2,claudio,1,coke go for goal,1,colon obelisk,1,colon street,1,colorized old photographs,2,comic book,2,comic books,1,comics,1,comparison,1,conrado tudtud,1,controversy,1,corrupt politicians,3,costliest typhoons,1,covid-19,1,cuisine,4,culinary trip,2,cultural,1,cultural cringe,1,culture,1,dante guidetti,1,darna,1,darth vader family tree,1,davao basketball arena,1,davao sports venue,1,david nepomuceno,1,deadliest firecrackers,1,deadliest typhoons,1,december,1,december 7 1941,1,delenda est,1,department stores,1,developments,1,disaster relief,1,disinformation,1,disputed islands,1,dna test,1,dongmakgol,1,drinking culture,1,dutch,1,duterte family tree,1,duterte genealogy,1,dynamites,1,dynasty,1,eddie gil,1,election,4,election ads,2,election campaign,3,electioneering,4,elections,5,eleksyon 2016,1,eleksyon 49,1,elpidio,1,emperor novales,1,enrique of malacca,1,entertainment,2,epal,2,epalism,2,expatriates,1,fake facebook profiles,1,fake profiles,1,family history,2,family tree,7,famous relatives,1,fashion,1,fear,1,fear factor,1,fears,1,feature,7,featured,1,fernando poe jr,1,fiba olympic qualifying tournament,2,fiba world championship,5,fiba world cup,4,filipino,5,Filipino architecture,1,filipino celebrities,1,filipino diaspora,1,filipino mall culture,1,filipino nationalism,1,filipino spanish,1,filipino-american,1,filipino-american war,7,filipinos,3,films,1,finding their roots,15,firecrackers,1,fireworks,1,first touch soccer,2,first touch soccer kits,1,food,5,food trip,3,football,3,football history,3,football league structure,2,football legends,2,football tournament,2,foreign relations,2,foreigners,1,fpj,1,france,1,FTS kits,3,fts15,3,fts15 kits,4,future,1,gabe norwood,1,gabe norwood family tree,1,gabe norwood genealogy,1,gabriel daniel norwood,1,game shows,1,gangnam style,1,gastronomy,3,gaudencio bueno,1,genealogy,7,genie,1,genie of the lamp,1,germans,1,germany,4,gilas,1,gilas pilipinas,11,globalization,1,God Save the Queen,1,goliat,1,good friday,1,goodbye philippines,1,gossips,2,grandfather paradox,3,Guerrillas,1,guest blogging,3,guest post,3,halalan 2016,1,hamburger,1,han,1,han solo family tree,1,Harry Turtledove,2,hawaii,1,headline,12,henry the black,1,hero,2,hero obsession,1,higugmaa ang dios,1,hilario moncado,1,hipodromo,1,hippodrome,1,hispania,3,historical films,2,historical leaders,1,history,43,hitler,1,holy week,1,hymns,1,identity thieves,1,imperial manila,1,import,1,inuman,1,invasion,2,ispageti,1,italian,1,italians,1,japan,1,japanese,4,japanese bazaars,1,jeepney,1,jersey,1,jersey number,1,jersey numbers,1,jerseys,1,jesus,1,jim olmedo alapag,1,jimmy alapag,1,jimmy alapag family tree,1,jimmy alapag genealogy,1,jorgensen,2,jose rizal,6,jose rizal family tree,3,jose rizal genealogy,3,jose rizal girlfriends,2,josephine bracken,1,julian daan,1,kahadloki ang dios,1,kalayaan,1,kansas history,1,karaang sugbu,10,killing adolf hitler,1,kingdom of humanity,1,kjc king dome,1,kobe paras family tree,1,komics,1,kontrabida,1,korean,4,korean war,2,koreans,3,koreans in the philippines,1,krag,2,kris,2,language,1,learning spanish,1,leia organa family tree,1,lito lapid,1,living in cebu,2,london olympics,1,london riots,1,long distance relationships,1,los extranjeros,1,los tiradores de la muerte,1,lost ancestors,2,lost landmarks,6,louisiana,1,love on the internet,1,luke skywalker family tree,1,luzon lumber,1,mabolo golden era,1,maharlika pilipinas basketball league,1,malacañang,3,malaysia,1,mall of asia arena,2,malls,1,mampor,1,manila,2,manila men,1,manila xi,1,marie josephine leopoldine bracken,1,mass hysteria,1,massacre,1,max joseph,1,mba,1,medieval christianity,1,megadome project,1,merdeka,1,mes que un club,1,metro cebu,4,metropolitan basketball association,1,mexicans,1,mexico,1,micronations,1,military food,1,military ration,1,minda mora,1,mindanao,1,ming dynasty,1,missouri history,1,moa arena,1,money,1,Morac-Songhreti-Meads,1,moro,2,mortal kombat,1,movies,2,mtv,1,mugen philippines,1,mugen pilipinas,1,muslim,2,national anthems,2,national basketball association,1,national dish,1,natural disasters,1,Nazi victory,2,NBA,3,negros basketball arena,1,netherlands,1,netherlands east indies,1,nev schulman,1,news misreporting,1,nightmare,1,nippon bazar,1,no hablo espanol,1,north korea,1,nuisance candidates,1,occupied Japan,1,ofw,2,old cebu,15,old photographs,2,Olympic Games,2,olympic gold medals,1,olympics,2,one hundred,1,online relationships,1,operation,1,overseas filipino workers,2,paduka pahala,1,pagkaing pinoy,1,pandemic,1,pangasinan,1,paputok,1,paracel,1,parallel worlds,3,paras family tree,1,paras genealogy,1,pascual racuyal,1,pasta,1,pastor apollo quiboloy,1,paul john dalistan,1,paul lee,1,paul lee family tree,1,paul lee genealogy,1,paulino alcantara,1,pba,5,pba dleague,1,PBA home away format,2,pba players,4,pbl,1,pcbl,1,pearl harbor,1,peftok,1,penitence,1,penitencial practices,1,personal,1,pesos,1,Philippine architecture,1,philippine arena,3,Philippine basketball,2,philippine basketball association,8,philippine basketball team,8,philippine cinema,2,philippine election,1,philippine expeditionary force,1,philippine football team,8,philippine history,18,philippine movies,6,philippine politics,3,philippine sports stadium,1,philippine television,1,philippine-american war,4,philippines,23,philippines football league,4,philippines in the olympics,2,philippines-china relations,1,phobia,1,phobias,1,pilate,1,pinoy food,1,pinoys,1,point of divergence,11,political,4,political corruption,4,politics,6,pontius,1,pop culture,1,Portugal,1,portuguese,1,prejudices,2,presidentiables,2,presidential,2,presidential election 2016,2,presidents,4,princess,1,private,1,public transportation,1,pulutan,1,punic wars,1,quirino,1,race relations,2,racism,3,Red Legs,1,religion,1,republic of cebu,1,Republic of Koneuwe,1,rizals chinese ancestors,1,Robert Silverberg,1,robinsons galleria cebu,2,Roma Eterna,1,Roman Empire,1,rome,2,rumors,2,russia,1,sabah,1,samahang basketbol ng pilipinas,2,scarborough shoal,1,scripts,1,sea games,1,seaside city arena,1,segunda katigbak ancestors,1,segunda katigbak descendants,1,seven years war,1,showbiz,1,si goot da wanderpol,1,sidekicks,1,silmido,1,skin color,1,skin tone,1,skin whitening,1,sm arena cebu,1,sm city cebu,1,sm malls,1,sm seaside city,4,sm seaside city arena,2,smart gilas,6,soccer,2,south korea,1,southeast asian games,1,Soviet invasion of Japan,1,spaghetti,1,spain,5,spanish filipino,1,spanish flu,1,spanish in the philippines,1,spanish language,1,spanish-american war,1,speaking spanish,1,sports,4,sports uniform,1,spratly islands,1,spratly islands dispute,1,st malo,1,star wars family tree,1,Star-Spangled Banner,1,Stephen Curry family tree,1,Stephen Curry genealogy,1,stereotypes,2,street fighter,1,street food,1,sulu sultanate,1,summer,1,superheroes,3,superheroine,1,superpowers,2,supporting actors,1,taegukgi,1,taisho bazar,1,team pilipinas,1,teban,1,telenovela,4,teleserye,4,television,4,television programs,6,television shows,6,territorial dispute,2,The Guns of the South,1,things to do,1,three wishes,1,time travel,2,tomas,1,tomas claudio,1,tourist attractions,1,tourist destinations,1,Trans-Mississippi,1,tv personalities,1,typhoon bopha,1,typhoon pablo,1,typhoons,1,uk,1,United football league,2,united kingdom,1,united states,4,urban legends,2,urduja,1,us civil war,3,usa,1,valentin santos,1,vehicles,1,video,2,video game,4,video game characters,1,video games,6,villains,1,voc,1,war,7,war in film,1,war movies,1,war on terror,1,warrior princess,1,watusi,1,white,1,white man's burden,1,who do you think you are,5,william grayson,1,willie revillame,1,willing willie,1,wish list,1,women,2,wonder woman,1,world basketball championship,3,world war 2,4,world war one,2,writings,1,written language,1,written scripts,1,ww2,2,wwi,1,wwII,2,
ltr
item
Istoryadista | History Blog | Cebu Blogger: Inuman at Pulutan: A Filipino Love Affair
Inuman at Pulutan: A Filipino Love Affair
This article talks about the historical dynamics on the Filipinos' love affair for good food and drink.
https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-UM97ieWkdkI/W91DP3aqHQI/AAAAAAAAZ0I/8larYQD3nbI9vOtz6DtPEL4bTmoCvEnTQCLcBGAs/s640/inuman.jpg
https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-UM97ieWkdkI/W91DP3aqHQI/AAAAAAAAZ0I/8larYQD3nbI9vOtz6DtPEL4bTmoCvEnTQCLcBGAs/s72-c/inuman.jpg
Istoryadista | History Blog | Cebu Blogger
https://www.istoryadista.net/2011/08/inuman-at-pulutan-filipino-love-affair.html
https://www.istoryadista.net/
https://www.istoryadista.net/
https://www.istoryadista.net/2011/08/inuman-at-pulutan-filipino-love-affair.html
true
2148827822363692190
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Read More Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content